Home | About | Sematext search-lucene.com search-hadoop.com
 Search Hadoop and all its subprojects:

Switch to Plain View
Hive >> mail # user >> Function definition in hive


+
Yu PENG 2013-02-23, 01:09
Copy link to this message
-
Re: Function definition in hive
https://cwiki.apache.org/Hive/hiveplugins.html

Creating Custom UDFs

First, you need to create a new class that extends UDF, with one or more
methods named evaluate.

package com.example.hive.udf;
import org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.UDF;import org.apache.hadoop.io.Text;
public final class Lower extends UDF {
  public Text evaluate(final Text s) {
    if (s == null) { return null; }
    return new Text(s.toString().toLowerCase());
  }
}

(Note that there's already a built-in function for this, it's just an easy
example).

After compiling your code to a jar, you need to add this to the hive
classpath. See the section below on deploying jars.

Once hive is started up with your jars in the classpath, the final step is
to register your function:

create temporary function my_lower as 'com.example.hive.udf.Lower';

Now you can start using it:

hive> select my_lower(title), sum(freq) from titles group by my_lower(title);

...

Ended Job = job_200906231019_0006
OK
cmo 13.0
vp 7.0

For a more involved example, see this
page<https://cwiki.apache.org/Hive/genericudafcasestudy.html>
.
Deploying jars for User Defined Functions and User Defined SerDes

In order to start using your UDF, you first need to add the code to the
classpath:
hive> add jar my_jar.jar;
Added my_jar.jar to class path

By default, it will look in the current directory. You can also specify a
full path:

hive> add jar /tmp/my_jar.jar;
Added /tmp/my_jar.jar to class path

Your jar will then be on the classpath for all jobs initiated from that
session. To see which jars have been added to the classpath you can use:

hive> list jars;
my_jar.jar

On Fri, Feb 22, 2013 at 5:09 PM, Yu PENG <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> wrote:

> Hi,
>
> I am a newbie for Hive. I was assigned a job to do a lot of queries with
> similar structure. I just want to ask if there is a way to define functions
> like other programming languages so that I can call the function with
> different parameters. This will be really helpful. Does anyone know that?
>
> Thanks,
> Yu Peng
>
>
>