-Re: Physically moving HDFS cluster to new
MARCOS MEDRADO RUBINELLI 2013-04-18, 12:36
Here's a rough guideline:
Moving a cluster isn't all that different from upgrading it. The initial steps are the same:
- stop your mapreduce services
- switch you namenode to safe mode
- generate a final image with -saveNamespace
- stop your hfds services
- back up your metadata - as long as you have a copy of you metadata, there's a good chance you can recover a cluster without data loss
Now, before you turn off and pack up your machines, it's a good idea to update your hosts, as Bejoy describes. Assuming you do have the new IPs in advance, of course. It isn't strictly necessary, but if your services are configured to start on a bootup, it will save you the work of bringing them down, updating your hosts/XMLs, then bringing them up again.
Now, when the namenode starts, all it has is the metadata. It knows what files should be in HDFS, and what blocks belong to which files. But it has no information on where it can find those blocks. If you run a fsck, it will report back saying every file is corrupt. So don't do it, it will just generate unnecessary panic.
When a datanode starts, it scans its data directories, and makes a list of all the blocks it has. If you configured your cluster right, the datanode will then locate the namenode, and pass this block report on. After a few minutes, once all your datanodes are online, your namenode will report a full, healthy file system. You can run some sanity checks, and once you're satisfied, start the jobtracker and tasktrackers.
On 18-04-2013 02:27, Bejoy Ks Wrote:
Adding on to the comments
You might need to update the etc-hosts with new values.
If the host name changes as well, you may need to update the
fs.default.name<http://fs.default.name> and mapred.job.tracker with new values.
On Thu, Apr 18, 2013 at 10:08 AM, Azuryy Yu <[EMAIL PROTECTED]<mailto:[EMAIL PROTECTED]>> wrote:
Data nodes name or IP changed cannot cause your data loss. only kept fsimage(under the namenode.data.dir) and all block data on the data nodes, then everything can be recoveryed when your start the cluster.
On Thu, Apr 18, 2013 at 1:20 AM, Tom Brown <[EMAIL PROTECTED]<mailto:[EMAIL PROTECTED]>> wrote:
We have a situation where we want to physically move our small (4 node) cluster from one data center to another. As part of this move, each node will receive both a new FQN and a new IP address. As I understand it, HDFS is somehow tied to the the FQN or IP address, and changing them causes data loss.
Is there any supported method of moving a cluster this way?
Thanks in advance!