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MapReduce >> mail # user >> Why the reducer's input group count is higher than my GroupComparator implementation

java8964 java8964 2013-10-29, 00:28
Dieter De Witte 2013-10-29, 07:57
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RE: Why the reducer's input group count is higher than my GroupComparator implementation
The Partitioner uses the same hashcode() on the String generated from the (type + YYYY/MM/DD).
I add the log in the GroupComparator, and observed there are only 11 unique values being compared in the GroupComparator, but don't know why the reducers input group number is much higher than 11.

Date: Tue, 29 Oct 2013 08:57:32 +0100
Subject: Re: Why the reducer's input group count is higher than my GroupComparator implementation

Did you overwrite the partitioner as well?
2013/10/29 java8964 java8964 <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
Hi, I have a strange question related to my secondary sort implementation in the MR job.Currently I need to support 2nd sort in one of my MR job. I implemented my custom WritableComparable like following:

public class MyPartitionKey implements WritableComparable<MyPartitionKey> {    String type;    long id1;    String id2;    String id3;    String id4;
    long timestamp1;    long timestamp2}
Then I implemented following methods for this class:
public int compareTo(); // sort the data based on all attributes listed above, sorted the last 2 timestamps descending
public int hashCode(); // generate the hashcode using all attributes abovepublic boolean equals(); // using all the attributes for equals checkpublic void write(DataOutput out) // serialize all the attributes listed above
public void readFields(DataInput in) // deserialize all the attributes listed above
For partition and grouping of my keys, I want the following logic:Based on the type, the data could partition either by year or by day for timestamp1.

For sorting order, I want the data sort by (type, id1, id2, id3, id4), then reverse sorting by (timestamp1, timestamp2).
I implemented my KeyComparator using my sorting order logic listed above, and my Partitioner and GroupComparator based on my logic listed above.

Here is the pseudo code of the Partitioner and GroupComparator:
public class MyPartitioner implements Partitioner {    @Override    public int getPartition(MyPartitionKey key, Value value, int numPartitions) {
        int hashCode = key.getActivityType().name().hashCode();        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();        for (String subPartitionValue : key.getPartitionValue()) {            sb.append(subPartitionValue);
        }        return Math.abs(hashCode * 127 + sb.toString().hashCode()) % numPartitions;    }
    @Override    public void configure(JobConf job) {
// The key getPartitionValue method will return array of string of either YYYY or {YYYY, MM, DD} of the timestamp1.
For GroupComparator:

    public static class MyGroupComparator extends WritableComparator {        protected MyGroupComparator() {            super(MyPartitionKey.class, true);
        @Override        public int compare(WritableComparable w1, WritableComparable w2) {            MyPartitionKey key1 = (MyPartitionKey) w1;            MyPartitionKey key2 = (MyPartitionKey) w2;
            int cmp = key1.type.compareTo(key2.type);            // different type, send to different group            if (cmp != 0)                return cmp;

            // for the same type, should have the same partition value array length            String[] partitionValue1 = key1.getPartitionValue();
            String[] partitionValue2 = key2.getPartitionValue();            assert partitionValue1.length == partitionValue2.length;            StringBuilder sb1 = new StringBuilder();            StringBuilder sb2 = new StringBuilder();
            for (String subValue : partitionValue1) {                sb1.append(subValue);            }            for (String subValue : partitionValue2) {                sb2.append(subValue);
            }            return sb1.toString().compareTo(sb2.toString());        }
Now, here is the strange problem I don't understand. I tested with my MR job. I know in the test data, I have 7 types data, 3 of them partitioned yearly, 4 of them partition daily. In the test data, for the 3 types partitioned daily, there are 2 days data of each type. So I expected the Input group count of the reducer should be 11, which is 4 x 2 + 3 = 11. In fact, if I don't use this custom MyPartitionKey, just use  Text as the key type, with "type + YYYY" for yearly dataset, "type + YYYYMMDD" for daily dataset, there are 11 input groups for the reducer. But I have to support secondary sort. To my surprise, runtime MR job generates 51792 input groups for the reducer. This doesn't make sense.

If I changed MyGroupComparator compare() method, to only compare the type, like following:      @Override        public int compare(WritableComparable w1, WritableComparable w2) {
            MyPartitionKey key1 = (MyPartitionKey) w1;            MyPartitionKey key2 = (MyPartitionKey) w2;            return key1.type.compareTo(key2.type);       }
The MR job generates 7 input group for the reducer, which is what I expects. But when I start to add the comparing of the YYYY or MM or DD data parsed out from the timestamp1, the input group count became very large.

What I think is that maybe Id1, Id2, Id3, and Id4 makes the input group large, because in the test data, there are a lot of combination of unique (id1,id2,id3,id4). But they are NOT part of my GroupComparator implementation. Why in this case, the input group count for the reducer is so high? And in this case, the MR job won't do what I want, as same group of data NOT being sent to the same reducer. Here are the summary of my questions:

1) My understanding is that GroupComparator is the only class to control the input groups of the reducer, is that correct?2) If so, in my case above, I know MyGroupComparator will return 11 unique values from my test data. Why there are 51792 input groups generated? This big number must come from (Id1, Id2, Id3 and Id4), but these Ids are not used in MyGroupComparator, why they affect the reducer input group count?
3) If I only use type in my GroupComparator, I got correct 7 input groups